Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

Childhood Club Participation and All-Cause Mortality in Adulthood: A 65-Year Follow-Up Study of a Population-Representative Sample in Scotland.

Calvin, CM and Batty, GD and Brett, CE and Deary, IJ (2015) Childhood Club Participation and All-Cause Mortality in Adulthood: A 65-Year Follow-Up Study of a Population-Representative Sample in Scotland. Psychosomatic Medicine, 77 (7). pp. 712-720. ISSN 1534-7796

[img] Text
Childhood_Club_Participation_and_Adult_Mortality_finalauthorversion_Edinburgh research explorer pdf.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (717kB)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Social participation in middle and older age is associated with lower mortality risk across many prospective cohort studies. However, there is a paucity of evidence on social participation in youth in relation to mortality, which could help inform an understanding of the origin of the association and give credence to causality. The present study investigates the relation of early-life club membership-a proxy measure of social participation-with mortality risk in older age in a nationally representative sample. METHODS: We linked historical data collected on the 6-Day Sample of the Scottish Mental Survey 1947 during the period 1947 to 1963 with vital status records up to April 2014. Analyses were based on 1059 traced participants (446 deceased). RESULTS: Club membership at age 18 years was associated with lower mortality risk by age 78 years (hazard ratio = 0.54, 95% confidence interval = 0.44-0.68, p < .001). Club membership remained a significant predictor in models that included early-life health, socioeconomic status, measured intelligence, and teachers' ratings of dependability in personality. CONCLUSIONS: In a study that circumvented the problem of reverse causality, a proxy indicator of social participation in youth was related to lower mortality risk. The association may be mediated by several behavioral and neurobiological factors, which prospective aging cohort studies could address.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 11 Medical And Health Sciences, 17 Psychology And Cognitive Sciences
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Natural Sciences and Psychology
Publisher: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 26 May 2017 08:34
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2017 04:13
DOI or Identification number: 10.1097/PSY.0000000000000210
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/6585

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item