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Creating lenticular galaxies with major mergers

Querejeta, M and Eliche-Moral, MC and Tapia, T and Borlaff, A and Ven, GVD and Lyubenova, M and Martig, M and Falcón-Barroso, J and Méndez-Abreu, J and Zamorano, J and Gallego, J (2016) Creating lenticular galaxies with major mergers. Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, 11 (S321). pp. 114-116. ISSN 1743-9213

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Abstract

Lenticular galaxies (S0s) represent the majority of early-type galaxies in the local Universe, but their formation channels are still poorly understood. While galaxy mergers are obvious pathways to suppress star formation and increase bulge sizes, the marked parallelism between spiral and lenticular galaxies (e.g. photometric bulge-disc coupling) seemed to rule out a potential merger origin. Here, we summarise our recent work in which we have shown, through N-body numerical simulations, that disc-dominated lenticulars can emerge from major mergers of spiral galaxies, in good agreement with observational photometric scaling relations. Moreover, we show that mergers simultaneously increase the light concentration and reduce the angular momentum relative to their spiral progenitors. This explains the mismatch in angular momentum and concentration between spirals and lenticulars recently revealed by CALIFA observations, which is hard to reconcile with simple fading mechanisms (e.g. ram-pressure stripping).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: astro-ph.GA; astro-ph.GA
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2017 10:15
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2017 10:15
DOI or Identification number: 10.1017/S1743921316009030
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/7277

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