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Lyophilised Biopolymer-Clay Hydrogels for Drug Delivery

Hutcheon, GA and Dempster, NM and Roberts, M and Gaskell, EE and Kianfar, F (2017) Lyophilised Biopolymer-Clay Hydrogels for Drug Delivery. Journal of Novel Drug Research, 1 (1).

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Abstract

Clays have previously demonstrated potential as drug delivery carriers for the extended release of a variety of drugs. The objective of this study was to develop and characterise drug-containing clays in combination with natural hydrogels for the preparation of lyophilised xerogels. Sulfathiazole (STH) (a hydrophobic model drug) was intercalated within the interlayer spaces of Laponite® RDS (LAP RDS) or refined montmorillonite (MMT) and then mixed with either carageenen 812 (CAR 812) or hydrohydroxy ethyl cellulose (HEC) hydrogels prior to lyophilisation. The resulting xerogels were characterised visually, using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Optimal geo-polymeric wafers contained 1.5% W/W CAR 812 with 2% LAP RDSand 1% W/W intercalated STH. DSC and SEM results indicated the amorphous form of STH was intercalated inLAP RDS within theleafy structure of CAR 812. This xerogel hydrated up to1700% within 40 minutes and released the STH by Higuchikinetic model. Keywords: Polymer; Clay, Intercalation, Xerogel, Wound delivery, Amorphous, Physicochemical characterisation, Polymers, hydrogel, drug delivery, lyophilised wafer.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions: Pharmacy & Biomolecular Sciences
Publisher: Madridge
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2017 09:05
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2017 09:05
DOI or Identification number: 10.18689/mjndr.2017-101
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/7385

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