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Development of Occupant-Preferred Landing Profiles for Personal Aerial Vehicles

Lu, L and Jump, M and Mark, W and Philip, P (2016) Development of Occupant-Preferred Landing Profiles for Personal Aerial Vehicles. Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, 39 (8). pp. 1805-1819. ISSN 0731-5090

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Abstract

With recent increased interest in autonomous vehicles and the associated technology, the prospect of realizing a personal aerial vehicle seems closer than ever. However, there is likely to be a continued requirement for any occupant of an air vehicle to be comfortable with both the automated portions of the flight and their ability to take manual control as and when required. This paper, using the approach to landing as an example maneuver, examines what a comfortable trajectory for personal aerial vehicle occupants might look like. Based upon simulated flight data, a “natural” flight trajectory is designed and then compared to constant deceleration and constant optic flow descent profiles. It is found that personal aerial vehicle occupants with limited flight training and no artificial guidance follow the same longitudinal trajectory as has been found for professionally trained helicopter pilots. Further, the final stages of the approach to hover can be well described using the Tau theory. For automatic flight, personal aerial vehicle occupants prefer a constant deceleration profile. For approaches flown manually, the newly designed natural profile is preferred

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0901 Aerospace Engineering, 0913 Mechanical Engineering, 0906 Electrical And Electronic Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Divisions: Maritime and Mechanical Engineering
Publisher: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2017 10:05
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2017 10:05
DOI or Identification number: 10.2514/1.G001608
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/7388

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