Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

Revisiting the Stellar Velocity Ellipsoid - Hubble type relation: observations versus simulations

Pinna, F, Falcón-Barroso, J, Martig, M, Martínez-Valpuesta, I, Méndez-Abreu, J, Ven, GVD, Leaman, R and Lyubenova, M (2018) Revisiting the Stellar Velocity Ellipsoid - Hubble type relation: observations versus simulations. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. ISSN 0035-8711

[img]
Preview
Text
1801.03352v1.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (2MB) | Preview

Abstract

The stellar velocity ellipsoid (SVE) in galaxies can provide important information on the processes that participate in the dynamical heating of their disc components (e.g. giant molecular clouds, mergers, spiral density waves, bars). Earlier findings suggested a strong relation between the shape of the disc SVE and Hubble type, with later-type galaxies displaying more anisotropic ellipsoids and early-types being more isotropic. In this paper, we revisit the strength of this relation using an exhaustive compilation of observational results from the literature on this issue. We find no clear correlation between the shape of the disc SVE and morphological type, and show that galaxies with the same Hubble type display a wide range of vertical-to-radial velocity dispersion ratios. The points are distributed around a mean value and scatter of $\sigma_z/\sigma_R=0.7\pm 0.2$. With the aid of numerical simulations, we argue that different mechanisms might influence the shape of the SVE in the same manner and that the same process (e.g. mergers) does not have the same impact in all the galaxies. The complexity of the observational picture is confirmed by these simulations, which suggest that the vertical-to-radial axis ratio of the SVE is not a good indicator of the main source of disc heating. Our analysis of those simulations also indicates that the observed shape of the disc SVE may be affected by several processes simultaneously and that the signatures of some of them (e.g. mergers) fade over time.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society following peer review. The version of record F Pinna, J Falcón-Barroso, M Martig, I Martínez-Valpuesta, J Méndez-Abreu, G van de Ven, R Leaman, M Lyubenova; Revisiting the Stellar Velocity Ellipsoid – Hubble type relation: observations versus simulations, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, , stx3331, is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stx3331
Uncontrolled Keywords: astro-ph.GA; astro-ph.GA
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2018 09:58
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2018 09:58
DOI or Identification number: 10.1093/mnras/stx3331
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/7892

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item