Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

Convergence and divergence in gesture repertoires as an adaptive mechanism for social bonding in primates

Roberts, AI and Roberts, SGB (2017) Convergence and divergence in gesture repertoires as an adaptive mechanism for social bonding in primates. Royal Society Open Science, 4 (11). ISSN 2054-5703

[img]
Preview
Text
Convergence and divergence in gesture repertoires as an adaptive mechanism for social bonding in primates.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (534kB) | Preview

Abstract

A key challenge for primates living in large, stable social groups is managing social relationships. Chimpanzee gestures may act as a time-efficient social bonding mechanism, and the presence (homogeneity) and absence (heterogeneity) of overlap in repertoires in particular may play an important role in social bonding. However, how homogeneity and heterogeneity in the gestural repertoire of primates relate to social interaction is poorly understood. We used social network analysis and generalized linear mixed modelling to examine this question in wild chimpanzees. The repertoire size of both homogeneous and heterogeneous visual, tactile and auditory gestures was associated with the duration of time spent in social bonding behaviour, centrality in the social bonding network and demography. The audience size of partners who displayed similar or different characteristics to the signaller (e.g. same or opposite age or sex category) also influenced the use of homogeneous and heterogeneous gestures. Homogeneous and heterogeneous gestures were differentially associated with the presence of emotional reactions in response to the gesture and the presence of a change in the recipient’s behaviour. Homogeneity and heterogeneity of gestural communication play a key role in maintaining a differentiated set of strong and weak social relationships in complex, multilevel societies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Science & Technology; Multidisciplinary Sciences; Science & Technology - Other Topics; chimpanzees; gestural repertoire; homogeneity; heterogeneity; social network analysis; generalized linear model; CHIMPANZEES PAN-TROGLODYTES; BOTTLE-NOSED DOLPHINS; TAG-BASED COOPERATION; WILD CHIMPANZEES; HUMAN LANGUAGE; GROUP-SIZE; INTENTIONAL COMMUNICATION; EVOLUTIONARY SIGNIFICANCE; NONHUMAN-PRIMATES; YOUNG CHIMPANZEES
Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions: Natural Sciences and Psychology
Publisher: The Royal Society
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2018 09:31
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2018 18:50
DOI or Identification number: 10.1098/rsos.170181
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/8313

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item