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Parasite stress and pathogen avoidance relate to distinct dimensions of political ideology across 30 nations.

Tybur, JM, Inbar, Y, Aarøe, L, Barclay, P, Barlow, FK, de Barra, M, Becker, DV, Borovoi, L, Choi, I, Choi, JA, Consedine, NS, Conway, A, Conway, JR, Conway, P, Adoric, VC, Demirci, DE, Fernández, AM, Ferreira, DCS, Ishii, K, Jakšić, I , Ji, T, van Leeuwen, F, Lewis, DMG, Li, NP, McIntyre, JC, Mukherjee, S, Park, JH, Pawlowski, B, Petersen, MB, Pizarro, D, Prodromitis, G, Prokop, P, Rantala, MJ, Reynolds, LM, Sandin, B, Sevi, B, De Smet, D, Srinivasan, N, Tewari, S, Wilson, C, Yong, JC and Žeželj, I (2016) Parasite stress and pathogen avoidance relate to distinct dimensions of political ideology across 30 nations. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113 (44). pp. 12408-12413. ISSN 0027-8424

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Abstract

People who are more avoidant of pathogens are more politically conservative, as are nations with greater parasite stress. In the current research, we test two prominent hypotheses that have been proposed as explanations for these relationships. The first, which is an intragroup account, holds that these relationships between pathogens and politics are based on motivations to adhere to local norms, which are sometimes shaped by cultural evolution to have pathogen-neutralizing properties. The second, which is an intergroup account, holds that these same relationships are based on motivations to avoid contact with outgroups, who might pose greater infectious disease threats than ingroup members. Results from a study surveying 11,501 participants across 30 nations are more consistent with the intragroup account than with the intergroup account. National parasite stress relates to traditionalism (an aspect of conservatism especially related to adherence to group norms) but not to social dominance orientation (SDO; an aspect of conservatism especially related to endorsements of intergroup barriers and negativity toward ethnic and racial outgroups). Further, individual differences in pathogen-avoidance motives (i.e., disgust sensitivity) relate more strongly to traditionalism than to SDO within the 30 nations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: MD Multidisciplinary
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Natural Sciences and Psychology
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
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Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2018 14:27
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2018 14:27
DOI or Identification number: 10.1073/pnas.1607398113
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/9032

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