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British Policy Towards Military Cooperation with the Republic of South Africa, 1961–1975

Feather, DJ (2018) British Policy Towards Military Cooperation with the Republic of South Africa, 1961–1975. International History Review. ISSN 0707-5332

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Abstract

The early 1960s were a turbulent time in South Africa; the Sharpeville Massacre provoked condemnation from the international community, which, with the acceleration of decolonisation, was turning increasingly against Pretoria. The decision to withdraw its re-application to the Commonwealth in October 1960 further isolated South Africa. Despite this, UK–South African military cooperation remained largely unaffected until the pivotal Simonstown Agreement's termination in 1975. This article explores this relationship and explains why British policy-makers consistently maintained links with an overtly racist regime. UK–South African military cooperation was persistently controversial and engendered frequent criticism from African members of the Commonwealth and from campaigning groups such as the Anti-Apartheid Movement, whose membership included Labour ministers. Concurrently, Pretoria was viewed as an important Cold War ally, particularly in the context of the build-up of Soviet naval incursions into the Indian Ocean from 1968 onwards. This article will analyse how British officials attempted to navigate its military relations with South Africa under such heated circumstances.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in International History Review on 22/5/18, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/07075332.2018.1472128
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2103 Historical Studies
Subjects: D History General and Old World > D History (General) > D204 Modern History
D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
D History General and Old World > DT Africa
Divisions: Humanities and Social Science
Publisher: Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2018 08:16
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2018 13:46
DOI or Identification number: 10.1080/07075332.2018.1472128
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/9073

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