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Right Ventricular Structure and Function in Senior and Academy Elite Footballers.

Popple, E, George, KP, Somauroo, J, Sharma, S, Utomi, V, Lord, R, Cooper, R, Malhotra, A, Forster, J and Oxborough, D (2018) Right Ventricular Structure and Function in Senior and Academy Elite Footballers. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports. ISSN 1600-0838

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Abstract

AIMS: Right ventricular (RV) adaptation is a common finding in the athlete's heart. The aim of this study was to establish the extent of RV structural and functional adaptation in elite and academy professional footballers compared to age-matched controls. METHODS AND RESULTS: 100 senior and 100 academy elite footballers, 20 senior and 19 academy age-matched controls were recruited. All participants underwent 2D, Doppler, tissue Doppler and strain (ε) echocardiography of the right heart. Structural indices were derived and indexed allometrically for individual differences in body surface area. Standard RV function was assessed alongside peak RV ε and strain rate (SR). Senior football players had larger scaled RV structural parameters than players for the RV outflow (RVOTplax ) (32.7±4.2 and 29.5±4.0 mm(m2 )0.326 , P<0.001), the proximal RV outflow (RVOT1 ) (26.6±3.5 and 24.7±3.9 mm(m2 )0.335 , P<0.001), the basal RV inflow (RVD1 ) (33.1±4.1 and 30.7±3.2 mm(m2 )0.404 , P=0.020), RV length (RVD3 ) (66.5±6.1 and 62.9±5.1 mm(m2 )0.431 , P<0.001) and RV diastolic area (RVDarea ) (16.9±2.6 and 15.7±2.6 mm(m2 )0.735 , P<0.001). Both academy and senior football players demonstrated larger scaled structural RV parameters in comparison to age matched controls. Systolic SR (SRS) was lower in the senior players compared to academy players in the mid (-1.52±0.49 and -1.41±0.34 l/s, P=0.019) and apical (-1.97±0.74 and -1.72±0.42 l/s, P=0.025) wall regions, respectively. CONCLUSION: RV structural adaptation occurs in both senior and academy football players with senior players having larger RV dimensions. Although senior players have slightly lower peak SRS than academy players, all global ε and SR are within normal ranges. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted version of the following article: Popple, E. , George, K. , Somauroo, J. , Sharma, S. , Utomi, V. , Lord, R. , Cooper, R. , Malhotra, A. , Forster, J. and Oxborough, D. (2018), Right Ventricular Structure and Function in Senior and Academy Elite Footballers. Scand J Med Sci Sports. Accepted Author Manuscript, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sms.13272
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1106 Human Movement And Sports Science
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Wiley
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2018 09:07
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2018 12:28
DOI or Identification number: 10.1111/sms.13272
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/9110

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