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On the type Ia supernovae 2007on and 2011iv: Evidence for Chandrasekhar-mass explosions at the faint end of the luminosity-width relationship

Ashall, C, Mazzali, PA, Stritzinger, MD, Hoeflich, P, Burns, CR, Gall, C, Hsiao, EY, Phillips, MM, Morrell, N and Foley, RJ (2018) On the type Ia supernovae 2007on and 2011iv: Evidence for Chandrasekhar-mass explosions at the faint end of the luminosity-width relationship. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 477 (1). pp. 153-174. ISSN 0035-8711

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Abstract

Radiative transfer models of two transitional type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) have been produced using the abundance stratification technique. These two objects - designated SN 2007on and SN 2011iv - both exploded in the same galaxy, NGC1404, which allows for a direct comparison. SN 2007on synthesized 0.25M⊙of56Ni and was less luminous than SN 2011iv, which produced 0.31M⊙of56Ni. SN2007on had a lower central density (ρc) and higher explosion energy (Ekin~1.3 ± 0.3 × 1051erg) than SN 2011iv, and it produced less nuclear statistical equilibrium (NSE) elements (0.06M⊙). Whereas, SN2011iv had a larger ρc, which increased the electron capture rate in the lowest velocity regions, and produced 0.35M⊙of stable NSE elements. SN 2011iv had an explosion energy of ~Ekin~0.9 ± 0.2 × 1051erg. Both objects had an ejecta mass consistent with the Chandrasekhar mass (Ch-mass), and their observational properties are well described by predictions from delayed-detonation explosion models. Within this framework, comparison to the sub-luminous SN 1986G indicates SN 2011iv and SN 1986G have different transition densities (ρtr) but similar ρc. Whereas SN 1986G and SN 2007on had a similar ρtrbut different ρc. Finally, we examine the colour-stretch parameter sBVversus Lmaxrelation and determine that the bulk of SNe Ia (including the sub-luminous ones) are consistent with Ch-mass delayed-detonation explosions, where the main parameter driving the diversity is ρtr. We also find ρcto be driving the second-order scatter observed at the faint end of the luminosity-width relationship. © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2018 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical And Space Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2018 10:25
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2018 10:32
DOI or Identification number: 10.1093/mnras/sty632
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/9332

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