Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

The effect of anxiety on anticipation, allocation of attentional resources, and visual search behaviours.

Alder, DB, Ford, PR, Causer, J and Williams, AM (2018) The effect of anxiety on anticipation, allocation of attentional resources, and visual search behaviours. Human Movement Science, 61. pp. 81-89. ISSN 0167-9457

[img] Text
The effect of anxiety on anticipation, allocation of attentional resources, and visual search behaviours..pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 20 July 2020.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (589kB)

Abstract

Successful sports performance requires athletes to be able to mediate any detrimental effects of anxiety whilst being able to complete tasks simultaneously. In this study, we examine how skill level influences the ability to mediate the effects of anxiety on anticipation performance and the capacity to allocate attentional resources to concurrent tasks. We use a counterbalanced, repeated measures design that required expert and novice badminton players to complete a film-based anticipation test in which they predicted serve direction under high- and low-anxiety conditions. On selected trials, participants completed an auditory secondary task. Visual search data were recorded and the Mental Readiness Form v-3 was used to measure cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety and self-confidence. The Rating Scale of Mental Effort was used to measure mental effort. The expert players outperformed their novice counterparts on the anticipation task across both anxiety conditions, with both groups anticipation performance deteriorating under high- compared to low-anxiety. This decrease across anxiety conditions was significantly greater in the novice compared to the expert group. High-anxiety resulted in a shorter final visual fixation duration for both groups when compared to low-anxiety. Anxiety had a negative impact on secondary task performance for the novice, but not the expert group. Our findings suggest that expert athletes more effectively allocated attentional resources during performance under high-anxiety conditions. In contrast, novice athletes used more attentional resources when completing the primary task and, therefore, were unable to maintain secondary task performance under high-anxiety.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 09 Engineering, 11 Medical And Health Sciences, 17 Psychology And Cognitive Sciences
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2018 10:59
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2018 12:11
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.humov.2018.07.002
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/9362

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item