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The Unexpected Kinematics of Multiple Populations in NGC 6362: Do Binaries Play a Role?

Dalessandro, E, Mucciarelli, A, Bellazzini, M, Sollima, A, Vesperini, E, Hong, J, Henault-Brunet, V, Ferraro, FR, Ibata, R, Lanzoni, B, Massari, D and Salaris, M (2018) The Unexpected Kinematics of Multiple Populations in NGC 6362: Do Binaries Play a Role? Astrophysical Journal, 864 (1). ISSN 0004-637X

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Abstract

We present a detailed analysis of the kinematic properties of the multiple populations (MPs) in the low-mass Galactic globular cluster (GC) NGC 6362 based on a sample of about 500 member stars for which radial velocities (RVs), and Fe and Na abundances have been homogeneously derived. At distances from the cluster center larger than about 0.5r h , we find that first-generation (FG–Na-poor) and second-generation (SG–Na-rich) stars show hints of different line-of-sight velocity dispersion profiles, with FG stars being dynamically hotter. This is the first time that differences in the velocity dispersion of MPs are detected using only RVs. While kinematic differences between MPs in GCs are usually described in terms of anisotropy differences driven by the different radial distributions, this explanation hardly seems viable for NGC 6362, where SG and FG stars are spatially mixed. We demonstrate that the observed difference in the velocity dispersion profiles can be accounted for by the effect of binary stars. In fact, thanks to our multi-epoch RV measurements, we find that the binary fraction is significantly larger in the FG sample (f ~ 14%) than in the SG population (f < 1%), and we show that such a difference can inflate the velocity dispersion of FG with respect to SG by the observed amount in the relevant radial range. Our results nicely match the predictions of state-of-the art N-body simulations of the co-evolution of MPs in GCs that include the effects of binaries.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical And Space Sciences, 0305 Organic Chemistry, 0306 Physical Chemistry (Incl. Structural)
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: American Astronomical Society; IOP Publishing
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2018 10:37
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2018 12:18
DOI or Identification number: 10.3847/1538-4357/aad4b3
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/9404

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