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Pulse velocity assessment of early age creep of concrete

Latif Al-Mufti, RAWM and Fried, AN (2016) Pulse velocity assessment of early age creep of concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 121. pp. 622-628. ISSN 0950-0618

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Abstract

Creep of concrete can have damaging effects by inducing deformations that may contribute or eventually lead to cracks, which influence concrete durability, steel reinforcement exposure to corrosion, and aesthetic damage to architectural buildings. This research investigated the early age creep deformation in concrete samples made with normal, lightweight (Lytag), recycled concrete, and recycled asphalt aggregates using ultrasonic pulse velocity measurements. Creep was achieved by applying a load corresponding to 30% of the strength of concrete to 100 × 250 mm prisms. The compressive load was applied from 24 h after mixing and up to 27 days. The results and analysis of measurements obtained for stress development, specific creep (creep strain per unit stress), and ultrasonic pulse velocity measured up to 27 days after load application are presented. Empirical models that allow the assessment of creep of concrete using ultrasonic pulse velocity measurements are also presented.
Early age specific creep is higher for recycled asphalt aggregate than Lytag aggregate and recycled concrete aggregate concretes, which are higher than gravel concrete. Measurements of ultrasonic pulse velocity could be used to determine creep but further work to refine this technique is required.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0905 Civil Engineering, 1202 Building
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TH Building construction
Divisions: Civil Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2018 11:45
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2018 17:19
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.06.015
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/9660

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