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Modelling Motivational Dynamics: Demonstrating When, Why, and How We Self-Regulate Motivation

Thomas, LB, Hudson, J and Oliver, EJ Modelling Motivational Dynamics: Demonstrating When, Why, and How We Self-Regulate Motivation. Journal of Motivation, Emotion, and Personality, 7. ISSN 2331-2343 (Accepted)

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Abstract

Motivation quality affects the initiation and maintenance of behavior and physical and psychological health. Despite this, we understand little about how situational fluctuations occur and are regulated. In this paper we analyze the utility of applying basic psychological needs theory (a sub-theory of self-determination theory) and reversal theory as frameworks for understanding- ing motivational dynamics. Specifically, we posit a causal model linking acute consequences of need satisfaction and the purpose and direction of meta-motivational state shifts. This model is tested in two sequential experiments, demonstrating: (i) that thwarting or satisfying psychological​ needs increases meta-motivational reversal frequency and (ii) that individuals use meta-motivational shifts to compensate for imbalances in need satisfaction. Broad-ranging implications include informing therapeutic support for preventing maladaptive emotions and behaviors and promoting psychological health and well-being. In respect to modelling the dynamics of human motivation, this study adds clarity to understanding when (following need deprivation), why (to regain and balance need satisfaction), and how (through changing meta- motivational states) we self-regulate.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2019 09:50
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2019 09:55
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/9904

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