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Drones for Conservation in Protected Areas: Present and Future

Jiménez López, J and Mulero-Pázmány, M (2019) Drones for Conservation in Protected Areas: Present and Future. Drones, 3 (1). ISSN 2504-446X

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Abstract

Park managers call for cost-effective and innovative solutions to handle a wide variety of environmental problems that threaten biodiversity in protected areas. Recently, drones have been called upon to revolutionize conservation and hold great potential to evolve and raise better-informed decisions to assist management. Despite great expectations, the benefits that drones could bring to foster effectiveness remain fundamentally unexplored. To address this gap, we performed a literature review about the use of drones in conservation. We selected a total of 256 studies, of which 99 were carried out in protected areas. We classified the studies in five distinct areas of applications: “wildlife monitoring and management”; “ecosystem monitoring”; “law enforcement”; “ecotourism”; and “environmental management and disaster response”. We also identified specific gaps and challenges that would allow for the expansion of critical research or monitoring. Our results support the evidence that drones hold merits to serve conservation actions and reinforce effective management, but multidisciplinary research must resolve the operational and analytical shortcomings that undermine the prospects for drones integration in protected areas.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Divisions: Natural Sciences and Psychology
Publisher: MDPI
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2019 11:27
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2019 11:33
DOI or Identification number: 10.3390/drones3010010
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/9974

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