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Prison health situation and rights of juveniles incarcerated in Sub Saharan African prisons.

van Hout, MC and Gunda, R Prison health situation and rights of juveniles incarcerated in Sub Saharan African prisons. BMC International Health and Human Rights. ISSN 1472-698X (Accepted)

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Abstract

Background: Treatment and special protection of the rights of incarcerated young people in prisons are mandated under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), as well as under United Nations (UN) human rights instruments.
Methods: A scoping review mapped what is currently known about prison conditions and health situation of detained and incarcerated young people in sub- Saharan African (SSA) prisons. A systematic search collected and reviewed all available and relevant published and grey literature. Following application of exclusion measures, 54 records remained, which represented 37 of the 49 SSA countries. These records were charted and thematically analysed.
Results: The ages of children and adolescents held in SSA prisons ranged from 12 to 18 years. Three main themes were generated during the charting exercise; the prison environment for young people; availability and accessibility of basic necessities and navigating the prison system for health care and outside continuum of care.
Conclusions: The review highlights the grave and continuing deplorable situation of young people held in SSA prisons. The violation of international human rights norms is observed in the systemic abuse and detention of young people with adults. Basic needs are not met in relation to sanitation, ventilation, safe spaces, protection from physical and sexual violence, clothing, food and access to HIV and medical care.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1117 Public Health and Health Services
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Public Health Institute
Publisher: BioMed Central
Date Deposited: 02 May 2019 10:24
Last Modified: 02 May 2019 10:30
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/10631

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