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Anabolic-androgenic steroid use in the Middle East: A Scoping Study of extant literature.

Hearne, E, Wazaify, M, van Hout, MC, Atkinson, AM and McVeigh, J Anabolic-androgenic steroid use in the Middle East: A Scoping Study of extant literature. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. ISSN 1557-1874 (Accepted)

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Abstract

The use of image and performance enhancing drugs particularly anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) is not a new phenomenon. AAS use is not limited to athletes, with mainstream populations using these drugs for aesthetic purposes. Prevalence has been predominantly in Western countries, with some recent studies indicating a rise in popularity in the Eastern Mediterranean region. A scoping review of extant empirical literature from the Eastern Mediterranean region described and mapped what is known about the extent of AAS in the region. Four themes emerged from the review: 1) Profile of AAS users; 2) AAS within gymnasium practice; 3) AAS regimes of use; and 4) Knowledge and understanding of the AAS concept and related adverse effects. The review highlights a relatively new phenomenon of AAS use in the Eastern Mediterranean. The review underscores the need to carry out further research, particularly qualitative and quantitative studies with both genders, and cognisant of the complexities of culture and religiosity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1117 Public Health and Health Services, 1701 Psychology
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > RA0440 Study and Teaching. Research
Divisions: Public Health Institute
Publisher: Springer
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2020 10:52
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2020 10:52
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/11983

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