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An evaluation of the performance of hot mix asphalt containing calcium carbide residue as a filler

Dulaimi, A, Shanbara, H, Jafer, H and Sadique, MM (2020) An evaluation of the performance of hot mix asphalt containing calcium carbide residue as a filler. Construction and Building Materials, 261. ISSN 0950-0618

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Abstract

The reduction of both environmental problems and construction costs has motivated the asphalt pavement industry to increasingly use waste materials as alternative raw materials in road pavements construction. This investigation aims to explore the potential of waste calcium carbide residue (CCR) for use as a filler in hot mix asphalt (HMA), by substituting traditional limestone filler in various proportions. Asphalt mixes were prepared using different CCR ratios (0%, 3% and 6%) by aggregate dry weight, their strength, properties and performance evaluated against the indirect tensile stiffness modulus, rutting, crack initiation, crack propagation and moisture damage. The results show that stiffness modulus and resistance to permanent deformation and cracks have been enhanced due to the addition of CCR. HMA modified with CCR was also found to be less sensitive to water damage than traditional HMA with limestone filler. A toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) test revealed that the CCR used in the production of HMA has no environmental impact. Therefore, based on this study, CCR can be considered as a plausible alternative to conventional filler in HMA, the implication being that large amounts of waste carbide lime can be removed from landfill, thereby significantly reducing environmental damage.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0905 Civil Engineering, 1202 Building
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TH Building construction
Divisions: Civil Engineering (merged with Built Env 10 Aug 20)
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2020 09:08
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2020 09:15
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.119918
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13256

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