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The modes of administration of anabolic-androgenic steroid users (AAS): Are non-injecting people who use steroids overlooked?

Van De Ven, K, Zahnow, R, McVeigh, J and Winstock, A (2019) The modes of administration of anabolic-androgenic steroid users (AAS): Are non-injecting people who use steroids overlooked? Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy. ISSN 0968-7637

Manuscript AAS Modes of Adminstration DEPP Final_Ano_Revised_No Track.pdf - Accepted Version

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Introduction: There is increasing public health concern about the use of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS). Understanding of drug use patterns and practices is important if we are to develop appropriate risk-reduction interventions. Yet, much remains unclear about the modes of administration adopted by AAS users.
Methods: We used data from a sub-sample of participants from the Global Drug Survey 2015; males who reported using injectable or oral AAS in their lifetime (n=1008).
Results: Amongst our sample, approximately one third (35.62%) reported using only injectable AAS during their lifetime while 35.84% reported using only oral, with less than one third (28.54%) using both.
Conclusion: These findings suggest there may be a sub-population of individuals who only use AAS orally. Needle and syringe programs (NSPs) are currently the primary point of health service engagement; forming the main healthcare environment for medical and harm reduction advice on steroids. Yet, NSP-based resources are unlikely to reach or be appropriate to those who do not inject AAS. While there is a general need for health services to be more accessible when it comes to AAS use, non-injectors are an overlooked group that require attention.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy on 16/05/2019, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/09687637.2019.1608910
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1117 Public Health and Health Services
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Public Health Institute
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2019 09:45
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2021 09:30
DOI or ID number: 10.1080/09687637.2019.1608910
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/10571
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