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The Association Between the Negative Effects Attributed to Ecstasy Use and Measures of Cognition and Mood Among Users

Fisk, JE, Montgomery, C and Murphy, PN (2009) The Association Between the Negative Effects Attributed to Ecstasy Use and Measures of Cognition and Mood Among Users. EXPERIMENTAL AND CLINICAL PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY, 17 (5). pp. 326-336. ISSN 1064-1297

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In self reports, abstinent ecstasy/polydrug users claim that they experience certain ongoing affective and psychological changes including elevated anxiety, arousal, and depression. In addition, various aspects of cognition (e.g., everyday memory, reasoning, executive functioning) appear to be affected. The present paper investigated the link between these two psychological sequelae. Ninety-five ecstasy/polydrug users completed tests of reasoning, intelligence, information processing speed, executive functioning, and everyday memory. Affect was measured via a mood adjective checklist. Adverse effects attributed to ecstasy were measured via responses to adjectives reflecting changes in users since they started using the drug. In addition, indicators of sleep quality and daytime sleepiness were obtained. Users attributed a number of adverse effects to ecstasy, namely heightened irritability, depression, paranoia, and deteriorating health. Adverse effects were significantly and negatively correlated with aspects of intelligence, everyday memory, and sleep quality. Length of use of ecstasy use was positively correlated with adverse effects. While many users attribute a number of adverse affects to their use of ecstasy, it remains unclear whether these self-perceptions are a corollary of the psychopharmacological effects of the drug or reflect factors which in fact predate its use.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1701 Psychology, 1115 Pharmacology And Pharmaceutical Sciences
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions: Natural Sciences & Psychology (closed 31 Aug 19)
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 15 May 2015 10:54
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2021 14:23
DOI or ID number: 10.1037/a0017038
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/1096
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