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Blockchain technology for enhancing swift-trust, collaboration and resilience within a humanitarian supply chain setting

Dubey, R, Gunasekaran, A, Bryde, DJ, Dwivedi, Y and Papadopoulos, T (2020) Blockchain technology for enhancing swift-trust, collaboration and resilience within a humanitarian supply chain setting. International Journal of Production Research, 58 (11). pp. 3381-3398. ISSN 0020-7543

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Abstract

There has been tremendous interest in blockchain technology (BT) (also known as distributed ledger technology) around the globe and across sectors. Following significant success in the financial sector, other sectors, such as humanitarian sector, have started deploying BT at various levels. Although the use of BT in the humanitarian sector is in its infancy, donors and government agencies are increasingly calling for building BT-enabled swift-trust and more collaborative relationships among various humanitarian actors in order to improve the transparency and traceability of disaster relief materials, information exchanges and flow of funds in disaster relief supply chains. Our study, which is informed by organizational information processing theory and relational view, proposes a theoretical model to understand how BT can influence operational supply chain transparency (OSTC) and swift-trust (ST) among actors engaged in disaster relief operations. Our model also shows how BT-enabled ST can further improve collaboration (CO) among actors engaged in disaster relief operations and enhance supply chain resilience. We formulated and tested six research hypotheses, using data gathered from international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) with the help of the Coordinator for Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) database. We received 256 usable responses using a pre-tested survey based instrument designed for key informants. Our results confirm that our six hypotheses were supported. Our study offers significant and valid contributions to the literature on swift-trust, collaboration and supply chain resilience and BT/distributed ledger technology. We have also noted limitations of our study and have offered future research directions.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: his is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in International Journal of Production Research on 11 Feb 2020, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/00207543.2020.1722860
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > HF5001 Business
Divisions: Doctoral Management Studies (new Sep 19)
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2020 12:31
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2021 00:50
DOI or Identification number: 10.1080/00207543.2020.1722860
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/12093

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