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Risk Assessment and Decision Making of Security in Container Port Facilities

Abdul Halim, W (2020) Risk Assessment and Decision Making of Security in Container Port Facilities. Doctoral thesis, Liverpool John Moores University.

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Ports are exposed to various risks, both in their internal operation as well as external business interactions with other maritime logistics companies. While traditional safety and security policies are able to deal with accidents, theft, and hazard-based risks in ports, a new risk assessment is urgently required to tackle those that are caused by threats, such as terrorist attacks. Terrorist attacks have always been classified as disruption risk because they pose a bigger risk of causing enormous damage, unlike that of a natural disaster. In contrast to natural disasters, terrorist attacks do not have a similar pattern among them and usually, terrorists will attack a port at its weakest point or where it can cause the highest impact values. Therefore, it is important for port stakeholders to identify and pinpoint which of the port facilities have the highest impact value as any terrorist attacks. This study starts with the classification types of port facilities and their risk of terrorist attacks based on a comprehensive literature review, and through interviewing academic and industrial port security experts relating to a particular port. The identified risks of port facilities under terrorist attack scenarios are then analysed to consider the impact of the terrorist attacks on port facilities and the resilience of the current port security system. Various approaches have been combined and applied in this process, which offer the chance of the birth of some novel and effective risk modelling techniques and assessment tools, such as, using a combination of ETA and BN to calculate the consequence of the attack, create new security function as a main criteria in ER model and showing full step by step calculation using four criteria in ER. The study is about risk assessment of security countermeasures which is important and beneficial not only to academics but also to seaport stakeholders especially port operators. The work is also able to predict the percentage of damage if the risk occurs and allows the practitioners to make decisions on investing security countermeasures based on complex analysis. Although the risk assessment methods are presented on the basis of specific security countermeasures, it is believed that, with domain-specific knowledge and data, they can also be tailored for a wide range of applications to evaluate the safety of other logistics and transport domains, especially those where a high level of uncertainty is involved.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Port Security; Maritime Terrorism; Risk Assessment; Bayesian Network; Event Tree Analysis; Analytic Hierarchy Process; Evidential Reasoning
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD61 Risk Management
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Engineering
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2020 11:38
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2022 13:07
DOI or ID number: 10.24377/LJMU.t.00012327
Supervisors: Yang, Z
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/12327
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