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Communicative roots of complex sociality and cognition

Roberts, A and Roberts, SGB (2019) Communicative roots of complex sociality and cognition. Biological Reviews, 95 (1). pp. 51-73. ISSN 1469-185X

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Mammals living in more complex social groups typically have large brains for their body size and many researchers have proposed that the primary driver of the increase in brain size through primate and hominin evolution was the selection pressures associated with sociality. Many mammals, and especially primates, use flexible signals that show a high degree of voluntary control and these signals may play an important role in forming and maintaining social relationships between group members. However, the specific role that cognitive skills play in this complex communication, and how in turn this relates to sociality, is still unclear. The hypothesis for the communicative roots of complex sociality and cognition posits that cognitive demands behind the communication needed to form and maintain bonded social relationships in complex social settings drives the link between brain size and sociality. We review the evidence in support of this hypothesis and why key features of cognitively complex communication such as intentionality and referentiality should be more effective in forming and maintaining bonded relationships as compared with less cognitively complex communication. Exploring the link between cognition, communication and sociality provides insights into how increasing flexibility in communication can facilitate the emergence of social systems characterised by bonded social relationships, such as those found in nonhuman primates and humans. To move the field forward and carry out both within- and among-species comparisons, we advocate the use of social network analysis, which provides a novel way to describe and compare social structure. Using this approach can lead to a new, systematic way of examining social and communicative complexity across species, something that is lacking in current comparative studies of social structure.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Roberts, A.I. and Roberts, S.G.B. (2020), Communicative roots of complex sociality and cognition. Biol Rev, 95: 51-73. , which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12553. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 06 Biological Sciences
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Psychology (from Sep 2019)
Publisher: Wiley
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2021 10:48
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2021 10:48
DOI or ID number: 10.1111/brv.12553
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13172
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