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XFEL Crystal Structures of Peroxidase Compound II.

Kwon, H, Basran, J, Pathak, C, Hussain, M, Freeman, SL, Fielding, AJ, Bailey, AJ, Stefanou, N, Sparkes, HA, Tosha, T, Yamashita, K, Hirata, K, Murakami, H, Ueno, G, Ago, H, Tono, K, Yamamoto, M, Sawai, H, Shiro, Y, Sugimoto, H , Raven, E and Moody, PCE (2021) XFEL Crystal Structures of Peroxidase Compound II. Angewandte Chemie International Edition. ISSN 1521-3773

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Oxygen activation in all heme enzymes requires the formation of high oxidation states of iron, usually referred to as ferryl heme. There are two known intermediates: Compound I and Compound II. The nature of the ferryl heme - and whether it is an Fe IV =O or Fe IV -OH species - is important for controlling reactivity across groups of heme enzymes. The most recent evidence for Compound I indicates that the ferryl heme is an unprotonated Fe IV =O species. For Compound II, the nature of the ferryl heme is not unambiguously established. Here, we report 1.06 Å and 1.50 Å crystal structures for Compound II intermediates in cytochrome c peroxidase (C c P) and ascorbate peroxidase (APX), collected using the X-ray free electron laser at SACLA. The structures reveal differences between the two peroxidases. The iron-oxygen bond length in C c P (1.76 Å) is notably shorter than in APX (1.87 Å). The results indicate that the ferryl species is finely tuned across Compound I and Compound II species in closely related peroxidase enzymes. We propose that this fine-tuning is linked to the functional need for proton delivery to the heme.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 03 Chemical Sciences
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Divisions: Pharmacy & Biomolecular Sciences
Publisher: Wiley
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Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2021 15:44
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2021 05:35
DOI or ID number: 10.1002/anie.202103010
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/14823
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