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Exploring the role of overt attention allocation during time estimation: an eye-movement study

Ogden, R, Turner, F and Pawling, R (2021) Exploring the role of overt attention allocation during time estimation: an eye-movement study. Timing and Time Perception, 10 (1). pp. 17-39. ISSN 2213-445X

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Cognitive models of time perception propose that perceived duration is influenced by how quickly attention is orientated to the to-be-timed event and how consistently attention is sustained on the to-be-timed event throughout its presentation. Insufficient attention to time is therefore associated with shorter more variable representations of duration. However, these models do not specify whether covert or overt attentional systems are primarily responsible for paying attention during timing. The current study sought to establish the role of overt attention allocation during timing by examining the relationship between eye-movements and perceived duration. Participants completed a modified spatial cueing task in which they estimated the duration of short (1400ms) and long (2100 ms) validly and invalidly cued targets. Time to first fixation and dwell time were recorded throughout. The results showed no significant relationship between overt sustained attention and mean duration estimates. Reductions in overt sustained attention were however associated with increases in estimate variability for the long target duration. Overt attention orientation latency was predictive of the difference in the perceived duration of validly an invalidly cued short targets but not long ones. The results suggest that overt attention allocation may have limited impact on perceived duration.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Psychology (from Sep 2019)
Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2021 08:38
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2022 17:00
DOI or ID number: 10.1163/22134468-bja10039
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/14836
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