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Ruta Essential Oils: Composition and Bioactivities

Nahar, L, El-Seedi, HR, Khalifa, SAM, Mohammadhosseini, M and Sarker, SD (2021) Ruta Essential Oils: Composition and Bioactivities. Molecules, 26 (16). ISSN 1420-3049

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Ruta L. is a typical genus of the citrus family, Rutaceae Juss. and comprises ca. 40 different species, mainly distributed in the Mediterranean region. Ruta species have long been used in traditional medicines as an abortifacient and emmenagogue and for the treatment of lung diseases and microbial infections. The genus Ruta is rich in essential oils, which predominantly contain aliphatic ketones, e.g., 2-undecanone and 2-nonanone, but lack any significant amounts of terpenes. Three Ruta species, Ruta chalepensis L., Ruta graveolens L., and Ruta montana L., have been extensively studied for the composition of their essential oils and several bioactivities, revealing their potential medicinal and agrochemical applications. This review provides a systematic evaluation and critical appraisal of publications available in the literature on the composition and bioactivities of the essential oils obtained from Ruta species and includes a brief outlook of the potential applications of nanotechnology and chitosan-based products of Ruta essential oils.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0304 Medicinal and Biomolecular Chemistry, 0305 Organic Chemistry, 0307 Theoretical and Computational Chemistry
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Divisions: Pharmacy & Biomolecular Sciences
Publisher: MDPI AG
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2021 09:58
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2021 05:10
DOI or ID number: 10.3390/molecules26164766
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/15353
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