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Preparedness for Pediatric Office Emergencies: A Multicenter, Simulation-Based Study

Abulebda, K, Yuknis, ML, Whitfill, T, Montgomery, EE, Pearson, KJ, Rousseau, R, Diaz, MCG, Brown, LL, Wing, R, Tay, K-Y, Good, GL, Malik, RN, Garrow, AL, Zaveri, PP, Thomas, E, Makharashvili, A, Burns, RA, Lavoie, M and Auerbach, MA (2021) Preparedness for Pediatric Office Emergencies: A Multicenter, Simulation-Based Study. Pediatrics, 148 (2). ISSN 0031-4005

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OBJECTIVES Pediatric emergencies can occur in pediatric primary care offices. However, few studies have measured emergency preparedness, or the processes of emergency care, provided in the pediatric office setting. In this study, we aimed to measure emergency preparedness and care in a national cohort of pediatric offices.
METHODS This was a multicenter study conducted over 15 months. Emergency preparedness scores were calculated as a percentage adherence to 2 checklists on the basis of the American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines (essential equipment and supplies and policies and protocols checklists). To measure the quality of emergency care, we recruited office teams for simulation sessions consisting of 2 patients: a child with respiratory distress and a child with a seizure. An unweighted percentage of adherence to checklists for each case was calculated.
RESULTS Forty-eight teams from 42 offices across 9 states participated. The mean emergency preparedness score was 74.7% (SD: 12.9). The mean essential equipment and supplies subscore was 82.2% (SD: 15.1), and the mean policies and protocols subscore was 57.1% (SD: 25.6). Multivariable analyses revealed that independent practices and smaller total staff size were associated with lower preparedness. The median asthma case performance score was 63.6% (interquartile range: 43.2–81.2), whereas the median seizure case score was 69.2% (interquartile range: 46.2–80.8). Offices that had a standardized process of contacting emergency medical services (EMS) had a higher rate of activating EMS during the simulations.
CONCLUSIONS Pediatric office preparedness remains suboptimal in a multicenter cohort, especially in smaller, independent practices. Academic and community partnerships using simulation can help address gaps and implement important processes like contacting EMS.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 11 Medical and Health Sciences, 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
Divisions: Nursing & Allied Health
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2021 08:31
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2022 00:50
DOI or ID number: 10.1542/peds.2020-038463
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/15407
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