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Contested archaeological approaches to mass grave exhumations in Zimbabwe

Chipangura, N and Silika, KK (2020) Contested archaeological approaches to mass grave exhumations in Zimbabwe. Journal of Conflict Archaeology, 14 (2-3). pp. 163-180. ISSN 1574-0773

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Within the last 50 years, present day Zimbabwe, (Figure 1), formerly Rhodesia, a Southern African country, has gone through various pogroms resulting in the death of over 50,000 people in total both within and outside the country. The massacres consist of the Liberation War (1966–1979); political violence characterized by every election since 1980; the Matabeleland Democide (1982–1987); and the diamond conflict in Marange, Eastern Zimbabwe (2006–2018). These various episodes of violence have produced a myriad of human body depositional sites which include mine shafts, mass graves at schools and hospitals, burials at detention centres, pit latrines, and caves. This paper will analyse the disagreements and antagonism between professional archaeologists and vernacular exhumers that emerged during various limited exhumation of mass graves within the country. The paper will conclude by offering avenues of approaches to mass graves exhumation as the material evidence might in future, subject to judicial inquiries, contribute towards truth telling and peace and reconciliation.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript version of the following article, accepted for publication in Journal of Conflict Archaeology. Njabulo Chipangura & Keith K. Silika (2019) Contested archaeological approaches to mass grave exhumations in Zimbabwe, Journal of Conflict Archaeology, 14:2-3, 163-180, DOI: 10.1080/15740773.2020.1729614. It is deposited under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2101 Archaeology, 2102 Curatorial and Related Studies, 2103 Historical Studies
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
J Political Science > JF Political institutions (General)
K Law > K Law (General)
K Law > KL Asia and Eurasia, Africa, Pacific Area, and Antarctica
Divisions: Justice Studies (from Sep 19)
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2021 08:42
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2021 08:45
DOI or ID number: 10.1080/15740773.2020.1729614
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/15676
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