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Persister cells: formation, resuscitation and combative therapies.

Wainwright, J, Hobbs, G and Nakouti, I (2021) Persister cells: formation, resuscitation and combative therapies. Archives of Microbiology. ISSN 0302-8933

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Persister cells, or superfits, have been strongly implicated in the recalcitrance and recurrence of chronic bacterial infection through the dormant (metabolically reduced) phenotype they display and the tolerance to antimicrobial agents this dormancy grants them. The complex biochemical events that lead to the formation of persister cells are not completely understood, though much research has linked the degradation of type II toxin/antitoxin systems and reduced cellular ATP levels to the rise in stress response molecules (where (p)ppGpp is of particular interest), which induce this dormant state. The equally complex mechanism of resuscitation is initiated by the cells' ability to sense nutrient availability via chemotaxis systems. Levels of secondary messenger proteins (i.e., cAMP) within the cell are reduced to allow the resuscitation of ribosomes, by ribosomal resuscitation factor HflX, to reinstate protein synthesis and, therefore, growth to re-populate. Techniques of superfit eradication utilise one, or more, of three approaches (i) direct killing, (ii) re-sensitising persister cells to conventional antimicrobials, or (iii) prevention of persister formation though few laboratory findings have been translated to clinical practice. This work will outline current findings in the field with a critical approach, where possible.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0605 Microbiology, 1108 Medical Microbiology
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions: Pharmacy & Biomolecular Sciences
Publisher: Springer
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2021 12:20
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2021 12:30
DOI or ID number: 10.1007/s00203-021-02585-z
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/15759
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