Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

Electrocardiographic and Echocardiographic Insights From a Prospective Registry of Asian Elite Athletes.

Yeo, TJ, Wang, M, Grignani, R, McKinney, J, Koh, LP, Tan, FHY, Chan, GCT, Tay, N, Chan, S-P, Lee, C-H, Oxborough, D, Malhotra, A, Sharma, S and Richards, AM (2022) Electrocardiographic and Echocardiographic Insights From a Prospective Registry of Asian Elite Athletes. Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine, 8. ISSN 2297-055X

fcvm-08-799129.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB) | Preview


Background: Asian representation in sport is increasing, yet there remains a lack of reference values for the Asian athlete's heart. Consequently, current guidelines for cardiovascular screening recommend using Caucasian athletes' norms to evaluate Asian athletes. This study aims to outline electrocardiographic and echocardiographic characteristics of the Asian athlete's heart using a Singaporean prospective registry of Southeast (SE) Asian athletes. Methods and Results: One hundred and fifty elite athletes, mean age of 26.1 ± 5.7 years (50% males, 88% Chinese), were evaluated using a questionnaire, 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) and transthoracic echocardiogram. All ECGs were analyzed using the 2017 International Recommendations. Echocardiographic data were presented by gender and sporting discipline. The prevalence of abnormal ECGs among SE Asian athletes was 6.7%-higher than reported figures for Caucasian athletes. The abnormal ECGs comprised mainly anterior T wave inversions (ATWI) beyond lead V2, predominantly in female athletes from mixed/endurance sport (9.3% prevalence amongst females). None had echocardiographic structural abnormalities. Male athletes had reduced global longitudinal strain compared to females (-18.7 ± 1.6 vs. -20.7 ± 2.1%, p < 0.001). Overall, SE Asian athletes had smaller left ventricular cavity sizes and wall thickness compared to non-Asian athletes. Conclusion: SE Asian athletes have higher abnormal ECG rates compared to Caucasian athletes, and also demonstrate structural differences that should be accounted for when interpreting their echocardiograms compared to athletes of other ethnicities.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Asian athlete; athlete's heart; cardiac remodeling; registry; sports cardiology
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2022 09:41
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2022 09:45
DOI or ID number: 10.3389/fcvm.2021.799129
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/16223
View Item View Item