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Integration Of FM Expertise And End User Needs In The BIM Process Using The Employer`s Information Requirements (EIR)

Ashworth, S, Tucker, MP, Druhmann, C and Kassem, M (2016) Integration Of FM Expertise And End User Needs In The BIM Process Using The Employer`s Information Requirements (EIR). In: Proceedings of CIB World Building Congress 2016 . pp. 942-953. (CIB World Building Congress 2016, 30 May 2016 - 03 June 2016, Tempere, Finland).

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Projects in the construction industry typically involve complex information flows from early design, through construction, to facility management (FM). Building Information Modelling (BIM) tools and workflow processes are considered key enablers for collaboratively managing such information across phases of the project lifecycle. With the increased adoption of BIM by the construction industry, there are heightened expectations for increased engagement of facility managers (FMs), users and clients in the BIM process. This is based on the proposition that BIM can benefit the operational phase of a building, which contributes the most to the building lifecycle in terms of overall cost, sustainability and usability. The study aim was to investigate current levels of understanding and adoption of BIM by facility managers in practice. Three research questions were investigated: (a) How client and FM engagement with BIM workflows can be improved through early contemplation of their requirements; (b) what are the perceptions about BIM and its potential impact on the FM industry from an FM, user and client perspective and (c) what information is required by FM from the BIM process to maximum optimisation of assets in the operation phase.
Mixed research methods, including: a literature review of academic and industry publications (e.g. case studies, industry best practice, standards and guidelines), an online survey of FM professionals and focus groups, were used to address the posed research questions. The findings highlight the need for further education regarding BIM guidelines and standards. In particular, new and more FM/client-focussed BIM strategy documents, EIR and other templates are required. Many existing templates (e.g. EIR) are not focused on client’s needs. Guidance is required on developing BIM strategies based on understanding the client’s Organisational Information Requirements (OIR) and Asset Information Requirements (AIR) in order to develop an EIR that specifies what, when and how information should be delivered. This will improve timely decision making during design and ensure that the right and correctly structured information is delivered to clients at handover for their Asset Information Model (AIM) to help optimise the operation of their assets.Keywords: Facility Management (FM), Building Information Modelling (BIM), Organizational Information Requirements (OIR)

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
Divisions: Doctoral Management Studies (from Sep 19)
Publisher: CIB
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2022 13:01
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2022 15:18
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/16359
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