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Examination of the suitability of collecting in event cognitive processes using Think Aloud protocol in golf.

Whitehead, AE, Taylor, JA and Polman, R (2015) Examination of the suitability of collecting in event cognitive processes using Think Aloud protocol in golf. Frontiers in Psychology, 6 (1083). ISSN 1664-1078

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Two studies examined the use of think aloud (TA) protocol as a means for collecting data of cognitive processes during performance in golf. In study 1, TA was employed to examine if different verbalisation (Level 2 or Level 3 TA) instructions influence performance of high and low skilled golfers. Participants performed 30 putts using TA at either Level 2, Level 3, or no verbalization condition. Although Level 3 verbalization produced a higher volume of verbal data than Level 2, TA at either level 2 or 3 did not impair putting performance compared to no verbalization. Study 2 examined the congruence between data collected via TA at Level 3 and cued retrospective recall of cognitive processes during golf performance. Experienced golfers performed six holes of golf whilst engaging in Level 3 TA. After performance, three semi-structured retrospective interviews were conducted (ten minutes after performance, 24 hours after performance and 48 hours after performance). A comparison of the themes identified large discrepancies between the information reported during TA and at interview, with only 38-41% similarity in variables reported to influence decision making on each hole. Both studies suggest TA is a valuable method for recording cognitive processes of individuals during task performance. TA provides richer verbal data regarding decisions than cued retrospective recall, and TA does not negatively impact performance.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This Document is Protected by copyright and was first published by Frontiers. All rights reserved. it is reproduced with permission
Uncontrolled Keywords: Think aloud, Verbal protocol, motor task, Golf, Cognitive Processes, Retrospective recall, Verbalizations, methodology in psychological research
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Sport Studies, Leisure & Nutrition (closed 31 Aug 19)
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2015 10:51
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2022 09:42
DOI or ID number: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01083
Editors: Wilson, MR
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/1637
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