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Isolation and Characterization of Antibacterial Compounds from <i>Aspergillus fumigatus:</i> An Endophytic Fungus from a Mangrove Plant of the Sundarbans.

Zihad, SMNK, Hasan, MT, Sultana, MS, Nath, S, Nahar, L, Rashid, MA, Uddin, SJ, Sarker, SD and Shilpi, JA (2022) Isolation and Characterization of Antibacterial Compounds from <i>Aspergillus fumigatus:</i> An Endophytic Fungus from a Mangrove Plant of the Sundarbans. Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM, 2022. ISSN 1741-427X

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The Sundarbans, a UNESCO world heritage site, is one of the largest mangrove forests in one stretch. Mangrove plants from this forest are little studied for their endophytic fungi. In this study, we isolated fourteen endophytic fungi from the plants <i>Ceriops decandra</i> and <i>Avicennia officinalis</i> collected from the Sundarbans. Five of them were identified as <i>Aspergillus</i> sp. and one as <i>Penicillium</i> sp. by macroscopic and microscopic observation. Antibacterial activity of the crude extracts obtained from these endophytes was determined against <i>Staphylococcus aureus</i>, <i>Micrococcus luteus</i>, <i>Escherichia coli</i>, and <i>Pseudomonas aeruginosa</i> using resazurin-based microtiter assay. The isolated endophytes showed varying degrees of antibacterial activity with MICs ranging between 5 and 0.078 mg/mL. Molecular identification of the most active endophyte revealed its identity as <i>Aspergillus fumigatus</i> obtained from the leaves of <i>C</i>. <i>decandra</i>. Acute toxicity study of the ethyl acetate extract of <i>A</i>. <i>fumigatus</i> in mice revealed no mortality even at the highest dose of 2000 mg/kg bodyweight, though some opposing results are found in the subacute toxicity study. The extract was subjected to silica gel and Sephadex column chromatography resulting in the isolation of three pure compounds. LC-MS analysis of these pure compounds revealed their identity as fumigaclavine C, azaspirofuran B, and fraxetin. This is the first report of fraxetin from <i>A</i>. <i>fumigatus</i>. All three identified compounds were previously reported for their antibacterial activity against different strains of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Therefore, the observed antibacterial activity of the ethyl acetate (EtOAc) extract of <i>A</i>. <i>fumigatus</i> could be due to the presence of these compounds. These results support the notion of investigating fungal endophytes from the Sundarbans for new antimicrobial compounds.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Complementary & Alternative Medicine; 1104 Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Divisions: Pharmacy & Biomolecular Sciences
Publisher: Hindawi Limited
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 19 May 2022 11:33
Last Modified: 19 May 2022 11:45
DOI or ID number: 10.1155/2022/9600079
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/16876
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