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Loneliness in Older Indian Dyads

Shankar, A and Kidd, T (2022) Loneliness in Older Indian Dyads. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (9). p. 5302. ISSN 1661-7827

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Background: Loneliness has been recognised as a major public health concern in older adults in developed nations, with little focus on low-and middle-income countries such as India. While the protective nature of social relationships on loneliness has been explored in the context of marriage, typically these benefits are examined in individual spouses rather than within the marital dyad. Methods: A sample of 398 opposite-sex married Indian couples (mean age 54.8 years) was obtained from the pilot wave of the Longitudinal Aging Study in India (LASI) conducted in 2010. These cross-sectional data were analysed using the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model, with one’s own and one’s partner’s cognitive function, functional limitations, depressive symptoms, employment status and contact with friends included as predictors of loneliness. Results: There were no gender differences in the pattern of associations. Depression was positively associated with loneliness with actor and partner effects being significant. One’s partner being employed was associated with less loneliness. Conclusions: The sample showed low levels of depression, loneliness, and reduced functionality; however, depression still predicted one’s own and one’s partner’s loneliness. Future work using longitudinal data could examine the role of employment in loneliness, particularly within the context of gender roles.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans; Cross-Sectional Studies; Loneliness; Marriage; Spouses; Interpersonal Relations; Aged; Middle Aged; ageing; cognitive functioning; loneliness; physical functioning; Aged; Cross-Sectional Studies; Humans; Interpersonal Relations; Loneliness; Marriage; Middle Aged; Spouses; Toxicology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Psychology (from Sep 2019)
Publisher: MDPI AG
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 09 Jun 2022 09:36
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2022 09:45
DOI or ID number: 10.3390/ijerph19095302
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/17027
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