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Restrictions in ankle dorsiflexion range of motion alter landing kinematics but not movement strategy when fatigued

Howe, L, North, JS, Waldron, M and Bampouras, TM (2021) Restrictions in ankle dorsiflexion range of motion alter landing kinematics but not movement strategy when fatigued. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 30 (6). pp. 911-919. ISSN 1056-6716

Howe_et_al_2020_Restrictions_in_ankle_dorsiflexion_range_of_motion_alter_landing_kinematics_but_not_movement_strategy_when_fat.pdf - Accepted Version

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Context: Ankle dorsiflexion range of motion (DF ROM) has been associated with a number of kinematic and kinetic variables associated with landing performance that increase injury risk. However, whether exercise-induced fatigue exacerbates compensatory strategies has not yet been established. Objectives: (1) Explore differences in landing performance between individuals with restricted and normal ankle DF ROM and (2) identify the effect of fatigue on compensations in landing strategies for individuals with restricted and normal ankle DF ROM. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: University research laboratory. Patients or Other Participants: Twelve recreational athletes with restricted ankle DF ROM (restricted group) and 12 recreational athletes with normal ankle DF ROM (normal group). Main Outcome Measure(s): The participants performed 5 bilateral drop-landings, before and following a fatiguing protocol. Normalized peak vertical ground reaction force, time to peak vertical ground reaction force, and loading rate were calculated, alongside sagittal plane initial contact angles, peak angles, and joint displacement for the ankle, knee, and hip. Frontal plane projection angles were also calculated. Results: At the baseline, the restricted group landed with significantly less knee flexion (P = .005, effect size [ES] = 1.27) at initial contact and reduced peak ankle dorsiflexion (P < .001, ES = 1.67), knee flexion (P < .001, ES = 2.18), and hip-flexion (P = .033, ES = 0.93) angles. Sagittal plane joint displacement was also significantly less for the restricted group for the ankle (P < .001, ES = 1.78), knee (P < .001, ES = 1.78), and hip (P = .028, ES = 0.96) joints. Conclusions: These findings suggest that individuals with restricted ankle DF ROM should adopt different landing strategies than those with normal ankle DF ROM. This is exacerbated when fatigued, although the functional consequences of fatigue on landing mechanics in individuals with ankle DF ROM restriction are unclear.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Accepted author manuscript version reprinted, by permission, from Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 2021, 30 (6): 911-919pp-pp, https://doi.org/10.1123/JSR.2020-0429. © Human Kinetics, Inc.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ankle; Humans; Fatigue; Range of Motion, Articular; Cross-Sectional Studies; Movement; Athletes; Biomechanical Phenomena; ankle restriction; drop-landings; joint mechanics; Ankle; Athletes; Biomechanical Phenomena; Cross-Sectional Studies; Fatigue; Humans; Movement; Range of Motion, Articular; 1106 Human Movement and Sports Sciences; Sport Sciences
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Human Kinetics
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2022 09:02
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2022 09:15
DOI or ID number: 10.1123/JSR.2020-0429
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/17084
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