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Developing an ecological approach to physical activity promotion in adults with Cystic fibrosis.

Shelley, J, Dawson, EA, Boddy, LM, Stewart, CE, Frost, F, Nazareth, D, Walshaw, MJ and Knowles, ZR (2022) Developing an ecological approach to physical activity promotion in adults with Cystic fibrosis. PloS one, 17 (8). ISSN 1932-6203

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Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0272355 (Published version)


Background: There are few examples of interventions designed to promote physical activity (PA) in adults with Cystic fibrosis (CF). Increasing levels of habitual PA may be more feasible and result in greater compliance than conventional exercise training inventions which give little or no attention to long-term PA behaviour. Despite this there is limited research exploring perceptions of PA among adults with CF. The study aimed to understand the ecological correlates of PA in adults with CF and to involve individuals with CF, their families (where applicable) and clinicians in a formative process to inform the development of an ecological approach to PA promotion in this population.
Methods: An iterative approach was utilised, whereby findings from earlier phases of the research informed subsequent phases. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to explore patients’ perceptions of PA, devised using the PRECEDE component of the PRECEDE-PROCEED model. Followed by, focus groups to discuss the perceived barriers, facilitators and opportunities for PA participation and how this information could inform the development and delivery of a PA intervention. Separate focus groups were conducted with individuals with CF (n = 11) and their families and CF MDT members. Thematic analysis was used to construct themes.: Results
Physical and mental wellbeing manifested as both barriers and facilitators of PA. CF is characterised by a progressive decline in physical function, which presents as a number of challenging symptoms and set-backs for an individual with CF. PA represents an opportunity for participants to slow the rate of this decline and manage the symptoms associated with the condition. Enjoyment was an important facilitator of PA. Exercise professionals and family reinforce PA behaviour, particularly during adolescence.
Conclusions: PA promotion should form part of routine CF care with additional exercise professional support during adolescence.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: General Science & Technology
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2022 10:53
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2022 11:00
DOI or ID number: 10.1371/journal.pone.0272355
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/17329
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