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Disentangling syntactic, semantic and pragmatic impairments in ASD: Elicited production of passives

Ambridge, B, Bidgood, A and Thomas, K (2020) Disentangling syntactic, semantic and pragmatic impairments in ASD: Elicited production of passives. Journal of Child Language, 48 (1). pp. 184-201. ISSN 0305-0009

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Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0305000920000215 (Published version)


Children with ASD and an IQ-matched control group of typically developing (TD) children completed an elicited-production task which encouraged the production of reversible passive sentences (e.g., "Bob was hit by Wendy"). Although the two groups showed similar levels of correct production, the ASD group produced a significantly greater number of "reversal" errors (e.g., "Wendy was hit by Bob", when, in fact Wendy hit Bob) than the TD group (who, when they did not produce correct passives, instead generally produced semantically appropriate actives; e.g., "Wendy hit Bob"). These findings suggest that the more formal elements of syntax are spared relative to more semantic/pragmatic/narrative aspects (e.g., manipulating thematic roles) in at least high-functioning children with ASD.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans; Language Development; Child Language; Comprehension; Semantics; Child; Female; Male; Autism Spectrum Disorder; Autism Spectrum Disorder; Child; Child Language; Comprehension; Female; Humans; Language Development; Male; Semantics; Speech-Language Pathology & Audiology; 11 Medical and Health Sciences; 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences; 20 Language, Communication and Culture
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions: Psychology (from Sep 2019)
Publisher: Cambridge University Press (CUP)
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2022 10:51
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2022 10:51
DOI or ID number: 10.1017/S0305000920000215
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/17339
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