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Relative Skeletal Maturity and Performance Test Outcomes in Elite Youth Middle Eastern Soccer Players

Lolli, L, Johnson, A, Monaco, M, Di Salvo, V and Gregson, W (2022) Relative Skeletal Maturity and Performance Test Outcomes in Elite Youth Middle Eastern Soccer Players. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 54 (8). pp. 1326-1334. ISSN 0195-9131

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Purpose This study aimed to explore the influence of differences in relative skeletal maturity on performance test outcomes in elite youth soccer players from the Middle East. Methods We integrated skeletal age and performance assessments using mixed-longitudinal data available for 199 outfield players (chronological age range, 11.7 to 17.8 yr) enrolled as academy student-athletes (annual screening range, 1 to 5 visits). Skeletal age was determined as per the Tanner-Whitehouse II protocol. Relative maturity was calculated as the difference (Δ) between Tanner-Whitehouse II skeletal age minus chronological age. Performance test outcomes of interest were 10-m sprinting, 40-m sprinting, countermovement jump height, and maximal aerobic speed. Separate random-effects generalized additive models quantified differences in performance test outcomes by relative skeletal maturity. Estimated differences were deemed practically relevant based on the location of the confidence interval (95% CI) against minimal detectable change values for each performance test outcome. Results For 40-m sprinting, differences of +0.51 s (95% CI, +0.35 to +0.67 s) and +0.62 s (95% CI, +0.45 to +0.78 s) were practically relevant for relative maturity status of Δ = -1.5 yr versus Δ = +0.5 and Δ = +1 yr, respectively. For countermovement jump height, a difference of -8 cm (95% CI, -10 to -5 cm) was practically relevant for Δ = -1.5 yr versus Δ = +1 yr relative maturity status comparison. Effects for 10-m sprinting and maximal aerobic speed were unclear. Conclusions Integration of skeletal age and performance assessments indicated that conventional maturity status classification criteria were inconsistent to inform player development processes in our sample. Between-player differences in test performance may depend on a substantial delay in skeletal maturation (Δ ≤ -1.5 yr) and the performance outcome measure.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans; Body Height; Soccer; Adolescent; Child; Athletic Performance; Athletes; Adolescent; Athletes; Athletic Performance; Body Height; Child; Humans; Soccer; 1106 Human Movement and Sports Sciences; 1116 Medical Physiology; 1117 Public Health and Health Services; Sport Sciences
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health)
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2022 11:56
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2023 00:50
DOI or ID number: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000002912
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/17358
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