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Cardiovascular Disease Among International Travellers

Mensah, DO and Simkhada, P (2021) Cardiovascular Disease Among International Travellers. International Journal of Travel Medicine and Global Health, 9 (3). pp. 107-112. ISSN 2322-1100

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Introduction: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among international travellers. This study aims to estimate the proportion of travellers diagnosed with CVD during international travel.
Methods: A narrative synthesis of peer-reviewed literature was conducted on CVD among international travellers. Healthcare databases and sources of grey literature were searched using pre-defined criteria between February and June 2019. Two reviewers screened all the identified studies against protocol and extracted data using a piloted form.
Results: Eight studies were eligible for final analysis. Four studies evaluated data from GeoSentinel Clinic databases. The number of study participants varied across studies from a minimum of 24 to a maximum of 63 076. Between 0.1% and 14% of international travellers were reported or diagnosed with CVD while travelling abroad. CVD was common in male travellers as compared with female travellers. There was a lack of information on pre-existing morbidity, smoking status, obesity in all included studies.
Conclusion: This review provides a first-time estimate of the proportion of international travellers with CVD while travelling overseas. Hence, preventive measures to minimize CVD risk such as sufficient exercises during long-distance flights, progressive acclimatization to altitude, wearing a face mask in polluted areas, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and nutrition during travelling should be considered. CVD should be an important part of pre-travel health advice.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Public Health Institute
Publisher: Maad Rayan Publishing Company
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2022 15:40
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2022 15:45
DOI or ID number: 10.34172/ijtmgh.2021.18
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/17800
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