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Chemical Cartography with APOGEE: Mapping Disk Populations with a 2-process Model and Residual Abundances

Weinberg, DH, Holtzman, JA, Johnson, JA, Hayes, C, Hasselquist, S, Shetrone, M, Ting, YS, Beaton, RL, Beers, TC, Bird, JC, Bizyaev, D, Blanton, MR, Cunha, K, Fernández-Trincado, JG, Frinchaboy, PM, García-Hernández, DA, Griffith, E, Johnson, JW, Jönsson, H, Lane, RR , Leung, HW, Mackereth, JT, Majewski, SR, Mészáros, S, Nitschelm, C, Pan, K, Schiavon, RP, Schneider, DP, Schultheis, M, Smith, V, Sobeck, JS, Stassun, KG, Stringfellow, GS, Vincenzo, F, Wilson, JC and Zasowski, G (2022) Chemical Cartography with APOGEE: Mapping Disk Populations with a 2-process Model and Residual Abundances. Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 260 (2). p. 32. ISSN 0067-0049

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We apply a novel statistical analysis to measurements of 16 elemental abundances in 34,410 Milky Way disk stars from the final data release (DR17) of APOGEE-2. Building on recent work, we fit median abundance ratio trends [X/Mg] versus [Mg/H] with a 2-process model, which decomposes abundance patterns into a "prompt"component tracing core-collapse supernovae and a "delayed"component tracing Type Ia supernovae. For each sample star, we fit the amplitudes of these two components, then compute the residuals δ[X/H] from this two-parameter fit. The rms residuals range from ∼0.01-0.03 dex for the most precisely measured APOGEE abundances to ∼0.1 dex for Na, V, and Ce. The correlations of residuals reveal a complex underlying structure, including a correlated element group comprised of Ca, Na, Al, K, Cr, and Ce and a separate group comprised of Ni, V, Mn, and Co. Selecting stars poorly fit by the 2-process model reveals a rich variety of physical outliers and sometimes subtle measurement errors. Residual abundances allow for the comparison of populations controlled for differences in metallicity and [α/Fe]. Relative to the main disk (R = 3-13 kpc), we find nearly identical abundance patterns in the outer disk (R = 15-17 kpc), 0.05-0.2 dex depressions of multiple elements in LMC and Gaia Sausage/Enceladus stars, and wild deviations (0.4-1 dex) of multiple elements in ω Cen. The residual abundance analysis opens new opportunities for discovering chemically distinctive stars and stellar populations, for empirically constraining nucleosynthetic yields, and for testing chemical evolution models that include stochasticity in the production and redistribution of elements.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences; 0202 Atomic, Molecular, Nuclear, Particle and Plasma Physics; 0306 Physical Chemistry (incl. Structural); Astronomy & Astrophysics
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: American Astronomical Society
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2022 14:05
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2022 14:15
DOI or ID number: 10.3847/1538-4365/ac6028
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/17809
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