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Effect of grape products on blood pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Asbaghi, O, Naeini, F, Moodi, V, Najafi, M, Shirinbakhshmasoleh, M, Rezaei Kelishadi, M, Hadi, A, Ghaedi, E and Fadel, A (2021) Effect of grape products on blood pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. International Journal of Food Properties, 24 (1). pp. 627-645. ISSN 1094-2912

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Previous studies have suggested that grape and its products may possess blood pressure (BP)-lowering properties. Due to inconsistencies in results, we aimed to systematically examine the effect of grape products on BP by conducting a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science (ISI), and Cochrane Library databases were comprehensively searched until March 2020. Human clinical trials which reported the effect of grape products supplementation on systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) were included. Data were pooled using a random-effects model and expressed as a weighted mean difference (WMD) with a 95% confidence interval (CI). Twenty-eight studies comprising a total of 1344 subjects were included in our meta-analysis. The overall outcome of the meta-analysis indicates that grape products consumption can significantly reduce SBP (WMD: −3.40 mmHg, 95% CI: −6.55, −0.24, p = .03, I2 = 93.4%) and DBP (WMD: −1.69 mmHg, 95% CI: −3.12, −0.27, p = .01, I2 = 80.4%). This meta-analysis found a moderate and statistically significant reduction for either SBP or DBP with grape products compared with controls. Additional high-quality studies are needed to further evaluate the causal conclusions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Science & Technology; Life Sciences & Biomedicine; Food Science & Technology; Grape products; Blood pressure; Hypertension; Systematic review; Meta-analysi; ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXATION; OXIDATIVE STRESS; DOUBLE-BLIND; ANTIOXIDANT STATUS; SEED EXTRACT; RED WINE; SUPPLEMENTATION; JUICE; POLYPHENOLS; PILOT; Food Science; 0908 Food Sciences
Subjects: T Technology > TX Home economics > TX341 Nutrition. Foods and food supply
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2022 12:52
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2022 13:00
DOI or ID number: 10.1080/10942912.2021.1901731
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/17878
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