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A novel method for the risk assessment of human evacuation from cruise ships in maritime transportation

Wang, X, Xia, G, Zhao, J, Wang, J, Yang, Z, Loughney, S, Fang, S, Zhang, S, Xing, Y and Liu, Z (2022) A novel method for the risk assessment of human evacuation from cruise ships in maritime transportation. Reliability Engineering and System Safety, 230. ISSN 0951-8320

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Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ress.2022.108887 (Published version)


In maritime transport, evacuation, escape and rescue play a crucial role in protecting people's lives when a passenger ship is involved in a serious accident. The study aims to develop a new method to identify hazards, quantify and rank the associated risks in the process of Human Evacuation from Passenger Ships (HEPS). Firstly, based on extensive literature review and marine accident investigation reports, the risk factors affecting passenger ship evacuation were analysed and identified, and an analysis framework based on Human, Ship, Environment and Organization (HSEO) for HEPS was proposed. Secondly, a risk assessment model was proposed to quantify and rank risk factors in the process of HEPS. Finally, a large-scale evacuation drill of a cruise ship was taken as a case study to demonstrate the applicability of the proposed evaluation model, and accuracy of the results. The results reveal that (1) evacuation decision, operation of Life-Saving Appliances (LSAs) are the main risks affecting the safety of HEPS; (2) the behaviours of passengers have a relatively lower risk priority; and (3) future HEPS research should focus on the development of a multi-attribute decision system to address the issue on when to evacuate and when to abandon a ship.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Strategic, Defence & Security Studies; 01 Mathematical Sciences; 09 Engineering; 15 Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD61 Risk Management
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering
Divisions: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier BV
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2022 11:12
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2022 11:15
DOI or ID number: 10.1016/j.ress.2022.108887
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/18035
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