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Safety and security co-analysis in transport systems: Current state and regulatory development

Fan, S and Yang, Z (2022) Safety and security co-analysis in transport systems: Current state and regulatory development. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 166. pp. 369-388. ISSN 0965-8564

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Open Access URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2022.11.005 (Published version)


Transportation is sensitive to risk. Given the fast development of digitalisation and automation of transport systems in the past decade, new types of security risks (e.g. cyberattacks) emerge within the context of transport safety research. To enable the integrated analysis of emerging security and classical safety-related risks in a holistic manner, safety and security co-analysis (SSCA) is highly demanded for accident prevention. SSCA in transport systems will benefit the risk analysis of complex cyber physical transport systems facing challenges from both hazards and threats. However, the nature of hazard and threat-based risks is fundamentally different, which leads to the various difficulties of analysing them on the same plane. They include the use of different risk parameters, the uncertainty levels of the risk input and the methodologies of risk inference. To address such concerns, this study firstly reviews the literature on SSCA and compares the employed methodologies and their applications within the context of transport systems. Taking into account the advantages of both security-driven and safety-oriented methods, a conceptual framework is proposed to imply the insights on SSCA for transportation through both top-down and bottom-up perspectives, followed by a quantitative illustrative case study. Then, the regulatory development and evolution of SSCA in transport in practice is analysed across different transport modes, which configures initiatives’ interrelations for a cross-fertilisation purpose. As a result, the findings reveal new research directions for the safety of digitalised and/or autonomous transport vehicles and aid in the formation of future transport safety study agendas.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1205 Urban and Regional Planning; 1507 Transportation and Freight Services; Logistics & Transportation
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD61 Risk Management
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier BV
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2022 14:07
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2022 14:07
DOI or ID number: 10.1016/j.tra.2022.11.005
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/18431
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