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Short GRB Host Galaxies. I. Photometric and Spectroscopic Catalogs, Host Associations, and Galactocentric Offsets

Fong, WF, Nugent, AE, Dong, Y, Berger, E, Paterson, K, Chornock, R, Levan, A, Blanchard, P, Alexander, KD, Andrews, J, Cobb, BE, Cucchiara, A, Fox, D, Fryer, CL, Gordon, AC, Kilpatrick, CD, Lunnan, R, Margutti, R, Miller, A, Milne, P , Nicholl, M, Perley, D, Rastinejad, J, Escorial, AR, Schroeder, G, Smith, N, Tanvir, N and Terreran, G (2022) Short GRB Host Galaxies. I. Photometric and Spectroscopic Catalogs, Host Associations, and Galactocentric Offsets. Astrophysical Journal, 940 (1). ISSN 0067-0049

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We present a comprehensive optical and near-infrared census of the fields of 90 short gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) discovered in 2005-2021, constituting all short GRBs for which host galaxy associations are feasible (≈60% of the total Swift short GRB population). We contribute 274 new multi-band imaging observations across 58 distinct GRBs and 26 spectra of their host galaxies. Supplemented by literature and archival survey data, the catalog contains 542 photometric and 42 spectroscopic data sets. The photometric catalog reaches 3σ depths of ≳24-27 mag and ≳23-26 mag for the optical and near-infrared bands, respectively. We identify host galaxies for 84 bursts, in which the most robust associations make up 56% (50/90) of events, while only a small fraction, 6.7%, have inconclusive host associations. Based on new spectroscopy, we determine 18 host spectroscopic redshifts with a range of z ≈ 0.15-1.5 and find that ≈23%-41% of Swift short GRBs originate from z > 1. We also present the galactocentric offset catalog for 84 short GRBs. Taking into account the large range of individual measurement uncertainties, we find a median of projected offset of ≈7.7 kpc, for which the bursts with the most robust associations have a smaller median of ≈4.8 kpc. Our catalog captures more high-redshift and low-luminosity hosts, and more highly offset bursts than previously found, thereby diversifying the population of known short GRB hosts and properties. In terms of locations and host luminosities, the populations of short GRBs with and without detectable extended emission are statistically indistinguishable. This suggests that they arise from the same progenitors, or from multiple progenitors, which form and evolve in similar environments. All of the data products are available on the Broadband Repository for Investigating Gamma-Ray Burst Host Traits website.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences; 0202 Atomic, Molecular, Nuclear, Particle and Plasma Physics; 0306 Physical Chemistry (incl. Structural); Astronomy & Astrophysics
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: IOP Publishing
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2022 15:56
Last Modified: 20 Dec 2022 16:00
DOI or ID number: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac91d0
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/18491
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