Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

Short GRB Host Galaxies. II. A Legacy Sample of Redshifts, Stellar Population Properties, and Implications for Their Neutron Star Merger Origins

Nugent, AE, Fong, WF, Dong, Y, Leja, J, Berger, E, Zevin, M, Chornock, R, Cobb, BE, Kelley, LZ, Kilpatrick, CD, Levan, A, Margutti, R, Paterson, K, Perley, D, Escorial, AR, Smith, N and Tanvir, N (2022) Short GRB Host Galaxies. II. A Legacy Sample of Redshifts, Stellar Population Properties, and Implications for Their Neutron Star Merger Origins. Astrophysical Journal, 940 (1). ISSN 0067-0049

Short GRB host galaxies. II a legacy sample of redshifts, stellar population properties and implications for their neutron star merger origins.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (2MB) | Preview


We present the stellar population properties of 69 short gamma-ray burst (GRB) host galaxies, representing the largest uniformly modeled sample to date. Using the Prospector stellar population inference code, we jointly fit photometry and/or spectroscopy of each host galaxy. We find a population median redshift of z = 0.64 − 0.32 + 0.83 (68% confidence), including nine photometric redshifts at z ≳ 1. We further find a median mass-weighted age of t m = 0.8 − 0.53 + 2.71 Gyr, stellar mass of log(M */M ⊙) = 9.69 − 0.65 + 0.75 , star formation rate of SFR = 1.44 − 1.35 + 9.37 M ⊙ yr−1, stellar metallicity of log(Z */Z ⊙) = − 0.38 − 0.42 + 0.44 , and dust attenuation of A V = 0.43 − 0.36 + 0.85 mag (68% confidence). Overall, the majority of short GRB hosts are star-forming (≈84%), with small fractions that are either transitioning (≈6%) or quiescent (≈10%); however, we observe a much larger fraction (≈40%) of quiescent and transitioning hosts at z ≲ 0.25, commensurate with galaxy evolution. We find that short GRB hosts populate the star-forming main sequence of normal field galaxies, but do not include as many high-mass galaxies as the general galaxy population, implying that their binary neutron star (BNS) merger progenitors are dependent on a combination of host star formation and stellar mass. The distribution of ages and redshifts implies a broad delay-time distribution, with a fast-merging channel at z > 1 and a decreased neutron star binary formation efficiency from high to low redshifts. If short GRB hosts are representative of BNS merger hosts within the horizon of current gravitational wave detectors, these results can inform future searches for electromagnetic counterparts. All of the data and modeling products are available on the Broadband Repository for Investigating Gamma-ray burst Host Traits website.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences; 0202 Atomic, Molecular, Nuclear, Particle and Plasma Physics; 0306 Physical Chemistry (incl. Structural); Astronomy & Astrophysics
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: IOP Publishing
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2022 16:00
Last Modified: 20 Dec 2022 16:15
DOI or ID number: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac91d1
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/18492
View Item View Item