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Generic compressional strength prediction model applicable to multiple lithologies based on a broad global database

Muzamhindo, H and Ferentinou, M (2023) Generic compressional strength prediction model applicable to multiple lithologies based on a broad global database. Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics, 71. ISSN 0266-8920

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In this study, we present a global database of ten parameters, which include measurements of rock index properties, strength stiffness and dynamic properties. Hoek-Brown constant mi, is included, and was estimated, using Hoek and Brown proposed guidelines for determining mi values for different rock types that can be used for preliminary design when triaxial tests are not available. This broad database is compiled from 96 studies and is labelled as “ROCK/10/4025”, to describe the type of geomaterial, the number of the parameters, and the number of the data samples included. It consists of 35.4 % igneous, 54.8 % sedimentary, and 9.2% metamorphic rocks. The purpose of this paper is to propose a generic soft computing model applicable to multiple lithologies, that can become more reliable and perhaps more suitable for a specific site study when used in order to densify often limited similar site-specific data. To this end four broad samples of data were selected, and served as training data sets for developed machine learning models, to develop a generic compression strength prediction model applicable to multiple lithologies. The suggested algorithms in this study are Back – Propagation Artificial Neural Networks, Artificial Neuro-Fuzzy Inference Systems, Support Vector Machines, Nearest Neighbour classifiers and Ensemble Bagged Trees. According to the findings of this study, artificial neuro-fuzzy inference systems model performance was found to be marginally superior, while back propagation artificial neural networks, support vector machines and ensemble bagged trees models were found to have good performance. Constant mi seems to be important training parameter when training predictive models centred on data from multiple lithologies. As a result, we can suggest that these models are powerful tools that allow for a reliable estimation of compressive strength, based on the performance indicators. The performance was found to be 70%–82% when the problem of compressive strength prediction was approached as a classification problem (that is successful prediction of class from very weak to very strong), and 80%–96% when solved as a function approximation problem.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 01 Mathematical Sciences; 09 Engineering; Civil Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Publisher: Elsevier BV
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2023 09:41
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2023 16:15
DOI or ID number: 10.1016/j.probengmech.2022.103400
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/18561
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