Facial reconstruction

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An innovative procedure for cranial reconstruction as an aid for human identification

Valoriani, S, Mannucci, P and Borrini, M (2022) An innovative procedure for cranial reconstruction as an aid for human identification. Archivio per l’Antropologia e la Etnologia, 152. pp. 33-45. ISSN 0373-3009

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Human remains are frequently recovered fragmented from forensic contexts. Taphonomic factors and peri-mortem trauma can damage human remains recovered from clandestine graves. Therefore, an
incomplete or broken skull can represent a challenge to identifying an individual, osteometric analysis, and trauma interpretation. A reconstructive approach is proposed to aid forensic experts in achieving all the information from human remains. This study proposes an innovative method that involves the use of reversible
glue to connect the fragments. Non-permanent wax is used to reconstruct the missing parts and stabilize the skull. The reconstruction procedure is divided into three phases: cleaning, reassembling and remodelling. The reassembling is carried out with non-permanent reversible glue. Consequently, if the reconstructed
remains do not have enough solidity to undergo a forensic examination, some of the missing anatomical parts can be replaced with reversible wax modelled on the missing bone’s shape. The method allows a more comprehensive examination of the whole
skull structure for biological profiling of unknown individuals and a better analysis of trauma and injuries. Moreover, Computed Tomography (CT) and radiographic analysis can be better performed on a reconstructed skull; the data obtained can also be a
more appropriate background for unidentified persons’ facial approximations.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Checked by Mel see C&S 16/1/23
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA1001 Forensic Medicine. Medical jurisprudence. Legal medicine
Divisions: Biological & Environmental Sciences (from Sep 19)
Publisher: Italian Society of Anthropology and Ethnology
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2023 15:45
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2023 15:45
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/18651
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