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Careless responding in online studies is associated with alcohol-use: a mega-analysis

Jones, A, Pennington, C, Strickland, J, Gillespie, S and Robinson, E (2023) Careless responding in online studies is associated with alcohol-use: a mega-analysis. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. ISSN 0893-164X

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Objective: The prevalence of research conducted online in the addictions field has increased rapidly over the past decade. However, little focus has been given to careless responding in these online studies, despite the issues it may cause for statistical inference and generalisability. Our aim was to examine whether alcohol use is associated with careless responses.
Method: Raw data was requested from online studies examining alcohol use and related problems which also addressed careless responding. We obtained 13 data sets of 12,237 participants (mean age = 42.16, SD = 15.65: 50.5% female). The sample had an average Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) score of 10.88 (SD=7.77). Predictors included demographic information (age, gender) and AUDIT total scores. The primary outcome was whether an individual was classed as a careless responder, for example by failing an explicit attention check question.
Results: AUDIT total scores were associated with careless responding (OR=1.07 [95% CI: 1.06; 1.08], p < .001). Hazardous drinking or worse was associated with 2.21 greater odds (OR=2.21 [95% CI: 1.81; 2.71] of careless responding, whereas harmful drinking or worse was associated with 3.43 greater odds (OR=3.43 [95% CI: 2.83; 4.17]) and probable dependence was associated with 3.63 greater odds (OR=3.63 [95% CI: 2.95; 4.48]). Conclusions: Alcohol use and related problems are positively associated with careless responding in online research. Removal of individuals identified as careless responders may lead to issues of generalisability, and more care should be taken to identify and handle careless responder data.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1701 Psychology; Substance Abuse
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Psychology (from Sep 2019)
Publisher: American Psychological Association (APA)
Related URLs:
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2023 13:23
Last Modified: 09 May 2023 10:45
DOI or ID number: 10.1037/adb0000924
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/19039
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