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Comparing the effects of Inhibitory Control Training and Evaluative Conditioning for unhealthy food behaviours

Masterton, S and Jones, A (2023) Comparing the effects of Inhibitory Control Training and Evaluative Conditioning for unhealthy food behaviours. Appetite, 185. ISSN 0195-6663

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Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2023.106529 (Published version)


Cognitive Bias Modification (CBM) is hypothesised to reduce unhealthy food preference and consumption through the completion of computerised cognitive training tasks. While there is evidence to suggest that two popular CBM paradigms (Inhibitory Control Training (ICT) and Evaluative Conditioning (EC)) can have a positive influence on food-related outcomes, issues (and inconsistencies) related to task standardisation and control group design make it difficult to evaluate their standalone efficacy. In a pre-registered laboratory study using a mixed experimental design, our aim was to directly compare a single session of ICT and EC on implicit preference, explicit choice and ad-libitum food intake, while ensuring appropriate active control groups were utilised for each training type (in addition to a passive control group). The results revealed that there were no other significant differences in terms of implicit preferences, ad-libitum food consumption or food choice. These results provide limited evidence to support the use of CBM as a psychological intervention for unhealthy food choice or consumption. Further work is needed to isolate mechanisms of effect for successful training and identify the most effective CBM protocols for implementation in future studies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nutrition & Dietetics
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
T Technology > TX Home economics > TX341 Nutrition. Foods and food supply
Divisions: Psychology (from Sep 2019)
Publisher: Elsevier
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2023 13:03
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2023 09:30
DOI or ID number: 10.1016/j.appet.2023.106529
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/19106
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