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Magnetizing the circumgalactic medium of disc galaxies

Pakmor, R, Van De Voort, F, Bieri, R, Gómez, FA, Grand, RJJ, Guillet, T, Marinacci, F, Pfrommer, C, Simpson, CM and Springel, V (2020) Magnetizing the circumgalactic medium of disc galaxies. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 498 (3). pp. 3125-3137. ISSN 0035-8711

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The circumgalactic medium (CGM) is one of the frontiers of galaxy formation and intimately connected to the galaxy via accretion of gas on to the galaxy and gaseous outflows from the galaxy. Here, we analyse the magnetic field in the CGM of the Milky Way-like galaxies simulated as part of the auriga project that constitutes a set of high-resolution cosmological magnetohydrodynamical zoom simulations. We show that before z = 1 the CGM becomes magnetized via galactic outflows that transport magnetized gas from the disc into the halo. At this time, the magnetization of the CGM closely follows its metal enrichment. We then show that at low redshift an in situ turbulent dynamo that operates on a time-scale of Gigayears further amplifies the magnetic field in the CGM and saturates before z = 0. The magnetic field strength reaches a typical value of $0.1\, \mu \mathrm{ G}$ at the virial radius at z = 0 and becomes mostly uniform within the virial radius. Its Faraday rotation signal is in excellent agreement with recent observations. For most of its evolution, the magnetic field in the CGM is an unordered small-scale field. Only strong coherent outflows at low redshift are able to order the magnetic field in parts of the CGM that are directly displaced by these outflows.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2020 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences; Astronomy & Astrophysics
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2023 12:11
Last Modified: 19 Apr 2023 12:11
DOI or ID number: 10.1093/mnras/staa2530
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/19296
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